Welcome to the Coquat Ranch Frequently Asked Questions page. If you have other questions than those answered here, please ask and they will be added! You can contact me by phone at (361) 319-2733, through the contact form, or by email.
Horses: A Guide to Selection, Care, and Enjoyment by J. Warren Evans is a great textbook and includes an extremely wide variety of info on Horses. Any books by the author, Cherry Hill, are also very good. This is a link to her online articles: http://www.horsekeeping.com/horse-articles.htm. If you are having your mare bred by one of my stallions, you will want to look at the book, The Foaling Primer by Cynthia McFarland. It includes many illustrations and goes through the whole process in easy-to-read detail.
First Time Buyers
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Coquat Ranch Sales
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About APHA Horses
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New Words and Terms
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Cooled Shipped Semen
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This depends on your experience level, your expected performance needs, and personal preference.
-There are horses for different experience levels: green broke, 'bombproof', finished, and untrained.
-Each horse has a particular function it will be best at. Depending on what performance you expect to get out of your horse, you should choose a horse that will meet your needs. Remember, 'Form follows Function'. Hunter horses are built differently than cutting horses.
-Personal preference encompasses various characteristics that YOU find appealing such as conformation, temperament, and coat color and pattern.
There are several basic elements:
Provide clean, fresh water.
Horses must have access to plenty of forage to maintain digestive health.
Feed appropriate amounts of appropriate feed.
House your horse in a safe environment with shelter.
Exercise your horse.
To learn more about what is appropriate for your horse, consult an equine professional and a great textbook.
Yes! Many people want to grow and learn with their foal.
As long as you take proper care of your foal and keep it happy and healthy, there is no reason why a first-time buyer could not work well with a foal.
Many first-time buyers go above and beyond what is needed for their new horse.
I have personally done this (with my mare, Diamond) when I first started out and it was a great learning experience. Diamond is doing great and we will be life long friends.
These are the costs that go into our horses and affect sale prices:
Feeding costs are about $500 to $2000 a year per horse.
Outside stud fees and breedings are $500 to $2500+.
Vet costs are about $200 a year per horse.
Farrier services are about $260 a year per horse.
Registration is $25 to $200.
APHA lifetime membership is $500.
AQHA lifetime membership is $750.
DNA test kits (required for breeding horses) are $60.
Truck inspection is $14.50 a year.
Other costs include truck and trailer registration, trailer inspections, costs to haul hay and purchase hay in large loads, shavings, fuel, fly spray, water, and electricity.
Value of the horse is also determined by pedigree, conformation, genetics, rare color pattern and attributes, ability to do work, and temperament.
Remember that to produce a foal, the mare must be properly taken care of including heightened nutrient requirements and extra vet attention. Foals must be registered. Foals must have a Coggins test done. Mares must be fully vaccinated within 30 days of foaling. Mares must receive extra vaccinations throughout pregnancy.
Coquat Ranch horses are primarily stock type APHA horses. There are a couple AQHA horses at the ranch - also stock type. Disciplines include rodeo events, roping, cutting, western pleasure, cow sorting, working cow, ranch type, trail class, trail riding.
Colors include gray, perlino, sorrel, black, palomino, bay, grullo, smoky black, buckskin, and red dun. Patterns include overo and tobiano, and toveros are sometimes produced. Some of the horses have blue eyes and many of the foals have beautiful blue eyes.
Many first-time buyers do not have their own trailers. Coquat Ranch offers hauling for a reasonable mileage fee that is calculated based on current fuel prices. I will haul anywhere in Texas and to nearby states. Horses are hauled in a comfortable slant load trailer with plenty of soft bedding. Foals do extremely well in my trailer set up with free choice hay and deep bedding.
They say you can tell a gelding, ask a mare, and negotiate with a stallion and some debate that you also must negotiate with a mare!
I have also heard in performance events a stallion will give you 110%, a mare will give you 90%, and a gelding - I don't know what he gives you!
Now for my experiences - I had always had mares before I got my first gelding and then bought two studs after him. I do not prefer mare over gelding or vice versa. I prefer a horse that has working ability, a good handle, and will execute what you tell them to do.
Mares can be 'mareish' at times. They will give you a bit of an attitude and tell you 'no, I don't want to do this right now', but it never matters what the horse wants to do. As long as you are consistent in your commands and you enforce what you ask, then mare, gelding, or stallion will work for you. It requires experience to be able to properly control a horse and if the horse is 'hot-tempered' to begin with, you would of course have more problems than an even-tempered horse.
Temperament is more important than sex and you can have a hot, wild mare that is more unpleasant to ride than an even-tempered, easy-going stallion. It does take experience with horse behavior to properly handle any horse especially a stallion as hormones can override good behavior at times.
Yes. All horses are sold under contract. You will get a Bill of Sale as well to prove you are the rightful owner.
Contracts or Purchase Agreements protect parties involved in the sale and are always a good idea to have for both the seller and the buyer.
Yes. Payment plans are available and include a non-refundable deposit of 20% or less and monthly payments of up to 12 months with 0% interest.
Foals can go home to you 4 to 6 months after foaling.
Yes. Both stallions have guarantees. See the stallions page for more information.
Sale prices are negotiable on cash sales paid in full.
Sale prices are firm on sales made with a payment plan.
You will receive the horse's registration papers. The transfer report is located on the back of the registration paper or is separate.
You will need to pay a small transfer fee and mail the transfer paper and the registration paper in to the appropriate registry.
For APHA, the transfer fee is $15 if you are a member.
Color and pattern are two separate, non-linked traits.
-Colors include sorrel, bay, black, palomino, cremello, gray, and buckskin.
-Patterns include tobiano, tovero, overo, and solid.
When you describe your horse, you should say a color and then the pattern (eg. sorrel tobiano, palomino overo, bay tovero, bay tobiano).
A solid horse is usually referred to in other associations as just the color, but paint horse breeders like to specify that a horse is solid (eg. solid sorrel, solid bay, solid palomino).
A horse's worth depends on many more characteristics than color. These include conformation, pedigree, and working ability including success in the show ring.
Personal preference of the potential buyer will decide what a particular horse is worth to him/her.
Many solid APHA horses are far more valuable than other patterned APHA horses.
It depends on where you live and what resources you already have.
If you live on some acreage and can provide shelter and appropriate fencing, your daily housing costs will dramatically decrease as compared with a horse that is stall boarded.
Fencing is a large initial expense. Make sure your fences are in good working order and put up new ones if appropriate. Horse fence and v-net fence is safe, but expensive (over $2 a foot). Electric wire and tape fences are great for moving pens around in smaller spaces. T-posts are less expensive than wood posts, but make sure to put caps on the tops of t-posts for safety.
Shelter must be provided particularly for winter, rainy months. This is also a large initial investment. A horse needs at least a 12x12 shelter space with a very high roof height to prevent injury. 3-sided loafing sheds are great in-pasture shelters (up to $1500 a shelter).
Boarding is usually paid monthly and can vary: full board, partial board, pasture board. You will need to communicate your horse's needs to your barn manager to find what will work for you. Horses that spend a lot of time in stalls need to be exercised. Boarding fees vary from about $100 a month to $700 a month.
Feed and hay are often included in boarding expenses.
Feed costs around $1 to $3 a day per horse. Easykeepers can eat $0 to $0.50 a day and hard keepers can eat over $2 worth of feed per day.
If you have to add hay, hay prices vary much more than feed prices so it is hard to estimate a daily dollar amount. Using round bales may cut costs or raise costs depending on the price of rounds in your area and the hay waste associated with your particular setup. This is usually fed free choice and costs less than $5 a day, but rising hay costs have increased this number to as much as $10 a day or more. Finding a horse quality round bale can be tough, so you'll have to shop around. Look for clean bales (free of weeds, brush, and trash) with some color in them (green). Leafy hay has less cellulose than stemmy hay and is digested better.
Because of high round bale costs, I have recently switched to feeding small square bales. Square bales produce considerably less hay waste. The amount fed can be monitered whereas round bales can provide excess hay to your horse. Horses consume about 2.5% of their bodyweight in dry matter daily. Horses require about 1.5% to 2.5% of their bodyweight in quality forage alone. This would mean a 1000 lb horse can eat about 25 lbs of hay and feed. About 15 lbs of that needs to be hay (or forage). It is so important that horses get enough forage intake.
Training varies depending on where you are located and how many trainers are in your area. The quality of the training also affects price, but sometimes the more expensive trainer is not always the best. Look around, visit with trainers, and view their facilities before you decide.
Training is usually paid monthly and will take at least 30 days (green broke) to 90 days. Finishing your horse could take many more months. Training can cost from $400 a month to well over $1000 a month.
Brushes, combs, and other small items are not very expensive. A brush may cost about $2 to $9.
Saddles are very expensive. Their cost is from $300 to many thousands of dollars. Cheap saddles with no maker's mark go for about $300 and will last a while, but you may want to invest in a better quality saddle as you become more experienced and ride more.
Trimming is about $25 to $40 a horse depending on what farrier you choose. Again, the more expensive farrier is not always the best choice.
Shoeing is about $60 to $120 a horse depending on your area and what farriers are available. Coquat Ranch horses are trimmed regularly, but not shod.
Horses need their feet attended to about every 6 to 8 weeks depending on amount of work the horse does and the environmental effects on the hooves. All adult horses at Coquat Ranch are done every 8 weeks including all broodmares and stallions!
As long as your horse doesn't receive a catastrophic injury which can jack your vet bill easily up to thousands of dollars, vet bills are not that expensive.
Your horse will need annual shots and will need to be put on a deworming schedule. If you and your horse do any travelling, your horse will need a current Coggins test. Consult with your vet about the deworming schedule that is right for your horse. Tube dewormers cost about $2 to $10 a tube and you can give the dewormer yourself.
Annual vaccinations are about $75 a horse and the annual Coggins is about $30 to $35 a horse. Geldings and stallions need their sheaths cleaned. You can learn to do this yourself or have your vet do it for about $25.
***MOST VET and FARRIER FEES ARE INFLATED IN NORTHERN STATES and sometimes other areas.
Breeding expenses including stud fee, booking fee, and mare care or semen collection/shipping.
Show entry fees.
Usually a younger horse that has had a limited amount of riding time (usually about 30 to 90 days). This horse will require an experienced rider and is not 'finished'.
Finished refers to a horse that is broke to ride and usually finished in a discipline (eg. cutting, roping, dressage, jumping, western pleasure, trail class and sometimes casual trail riding).
Mare care is the daily care of your mare usually while she is at a stud farm being bred.
Dry refers to a mare without a foal by her side.
Wet refers to a mare with a foal by her side and is usually more expensive.
Bombproof is used to describe a very broke horse that beginner riders can enjoy. Synonyms include kid-safe and husband-safe! Of course, no horse is actually bombproof! Also, any horse, no matter what the age, gender, or breed, can spook unexpectedly.
A Coggins test is a blood test. It tests for the viral disease, Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA). Horses that travel need to have a current negative Coggins. If your horse tests positive (rare) it will need to be quarantined and possibly euthanized. There is no cure for EIA and it can be non-symptomatic.
Forage is hay, grass, or legume. Forage is vital for digestive health. It is best to give your horse free choice forage, but oftentimes this is not economically feasible. Many people 'hay' their horses 2x to 4x daily.
Feed is a concentrate such as pellets, oats, sweet feed. Feed should be fed in small amounts spread throughout the day if feed is needed.
Horses consume about 2.5% of their body weight in forage and feed daily. About 1.5% to 2.5% of their body weight consumption needs to be quality forage.
Breeding season starts on February 1 and continues through July 1. These dates are tentative.
If your mare does not show obvious signs of heat, or you are not familiar with detecting these, your vet can tell you when your mare will come into heat and be ready to breed through examinations.
Ideally, you will bring your mare to the farm when she is ovulating. If you cannot determine this, then your mare will need to be brought earlier.
At this time, my stallions live cover only.
I have successfully worked with mares with foals by their side and also mares without foals.
Mares with foals will be hand bred for the safety of the foal. Mares without foals can be hand bred or pasture bred. I have had very good experiences with pasture breeding and my stallions will hand breed or pasture breed quite well.
Mares that are hand bred will be bred every other day during their cycle. They must be easy to catch, halter, and lead.
You will need to have an ultrasound or palpation done on your mare. Ultrasounds can detect pregnancy at 14 to 17 days and are done by a vet. Depending on the vet, rectal palpations can determine pregnancy at 20 to 45 days although most local vets will lean toward the 45 day mark.
These exams will be done at the horse owner's expense including hauling at the horse owner's expense. I do have the option to take mares in groups which reduces the hauling expense to each individual.
You can either pick up your mare after she is bred and either a.)confirm pregnancy or b.)return to the farm for breeding if you determine she is not pregnant or has come back in heat.
Pregnant mares need to be picked up asap.
An experienced horseperson employed at the farm and I will care for your mare.
Dry/wet mare care rates are described on the Stallions page. This will cover the cost of feed, hay, and care of your mare. Please make sure you receive and fill out a Mare Information Form. Mares with special needs may require an increased mare care cost.
The booking fee is similar to a deposit. It holds or 'books' your mare's spot for that breeding season. The stud fee already includes the booking fee. You will pay the booking fee upon determination that you would like to breed your mare to one of my stallions (when you sign your contract). The rest of the stud fee is due upon arrival of your mare at the farm. Again, the booking fee is already included in the stud fee.
- Locate the stallion you want to use in advance
- Turn in the breeding contract, payment, and all necessary paperwork requested at least a couple weeks before you will be needing semen.
- Find a great breeding manager who will inseminate your mare.
- Work with both your breeding manager and the owner of the stallion to get your mare bred. Communication is key.
- Print out the entire breeding contract (emailed or mailed to you by Sarah Coquat) and fill in all blanks.
- Confirm shipping addresses with your vet or your repro manager.
- Make a copy of your mare's papers confirming you as the current owner.
- Submit payment.
- Send breeding contract, copy of mare's papers, and payment to Coquat Ranch ASAP. Paperwork can be scanned and emailed to Sarah Coquat. Payment must be received and posted before I can ship semen.
The stud fee is $500 and includes the $100 booking fee. Please submit the booking fee of $100 with your contract. The collection and shipping fee is $350. You will need to submit payment for the remaining stud fee and the collection and shipping fee before semen can be shipped to your mare.
You can submit the full stud fee and the collection and shipping fee with the contract. This will ensure that the first shipment of semen can be shipped to you whenever you need it.
Although most mares are bred using the first shipment, occasionally you will need an additional shipment of semen. You will need to pay the collection and shipping fee for each shipment sent to you. Payment must be posted before semen can be shipped to you.
So, the total payment made in order to be ready for your first shipment of semen will be $850.
A summary of fees is listed below:
Stud Fee including $100 booking fee: $500
Collection and Shipping fee: $350
Other possible fees are listed below:
Cost to replace shipping container if not returned
Late Order fee
Weekly collection schedule is Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. These are the days of the week that I will collect my stallion. Semen will be shipped the day of collection and will arrive at your vet or repro manager's location the next day. All shipments are sent overnight.
Emergency collections are possible.
This is what you need to do to order semen:
Order semen by 5pm CST the day before you need it collected.
Confirm your order by 8am CST the day of collection.
*Semen cannot be shipped if all paperwork and payment is not complete.
You must call and talk to Sarah Coquat directly by phone in order to place an order. If you do not call and order by the 5pm deadline, you will be charged a late order fee if collection can be scheduled at all. If you need a stallion collected on a Tuesday or Thursday, you will be charged an emergency collection fee if collection can be scheduled at all.
- Send completed insemination report to APHA
- Send copy of insemination report to Sarah Coquat
- Return shipping container
- Have your mare pregnancy checked at 14 to 18 days post-ovulation and notify Sarah Coquat of prenancy status